National Youth Council (NYC) is an autonomous government organization established to empower and ensure the advancement of Nepali youth, both personally and professionally to assure progress in Nepal. NYC works to develop youth in a holistic manner; by providing resources and tools through the provision of programs, conferences and activities. These are manifested into youth development focused initiatives, including: professional skill development; entrepreneurship; health and wellbeing; equality and representation; environment; and, leadership skills. The Council focuses on these aspects of youth to develop them into persons with the knowledge and skills to take on leadership roles for the betterment of Nepal.
Currently, there exists a cohort of 1.2 billion individuals between the ages of 16 to 24, which accounts for roughly 16% of the world’s population. The active involvement of youth in sustainable development initiatives is integral to realizing stable, inclusive, and sustainable societies by the specified deadline, while simultaneously averting dire challenges such as the effects of climate change, gender inequality, poverty, unemployment, migration, and conflict. In order to successfully achieve the Sustainable Development Goals and tackle the numerous obstacles to sustainable development, Model United Nations (MUN) serves as an invaluable public platform that leverages the framework of the United Nations. Through MUN, young people can grasp and scrutinize the various challenges, shape public perspectives towards development, acknowledge the critical roles and responsibilities of youth towards attaining sustainable development goals, and actively partake in bringing them to fruition.
Youth is considered an active, energetic and dynamic group that can be the agent of political, economic, social and ecological balance in the countries. Nepal, presently, is in a state of opportunity to take advantage of the youth demographic dividend of more than 42 percent youth population for the prosperity and development of the country. While implementing the vison of youth participation, collaboration, and leadership, youth leadership program has been a key flagship programs of the Council. In line with youth policy 2015 and youth vision-2025; a strategic guiding document of the Council, simulation of NYC Model United Nations is planned to develop competent, skilled, confident, diverse and inclusive youth leadership with the knowledge of diplomacy, international relation and issues presentation.
The United Nations is an intergovernmental organization whose stated purposes are to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations amongst nations, achieve international cooperation, and be a center for harmonizing the actions of nations. It is the world’s largest and most familiar international organization. The UN was established after World War II to prevent. On 25 April 1945, 50 nations met in San Francisco for a conference and started drafting the UN Charter, which was adopted on 25 June 1945 and took effect on 24 October 1945, when the UN began operations. The main functions of the United Nations are:
MODEL UNITED NATIONS
Model United Nations, also known as Model UN or MUN, was first introduced to simulate the challenges of diplomacy and international negotiation among youth with topics in international relations, diplomacy, and the United Nations agenda, participants are given a specific country to represent in a committee/organ with a specific topic to be discussed. By joining MUNs, participants receive an opportunity to present themselves in front of hundreds of people, practice their public speaking skills, and increase their soft skills while learning more about diplomacy and global issues.
MUN is youth leadership development activity in which participants typically role-play as delegates to various councils of the United Nations. In simple terms, a Model UN can be described as a microcosm of the United Nations and its various bodies. In brief, a MUN, and the process can be described as:
They are in charge of solving any kind of problem-related to the rules of procedure and correcting the resolutions. The resolutions are documents produced by the delegates that reflect the agreements reached throughout the debate.
In the context of Nepal and organized by the National Youth Council, Nepal, numbers of youth aged 16-24 years participate in NYC Model United Nations programs. Through this opportunity, the participants learn the highest form of public speaking, the debate on some of the most important global issues and while practicing diplomacy they also form a pragmatic solution to the problem all while learning about substantial researching, public speaking, debating, and writing skills, as well as critical thinking, teamwork, and leadership abilities through the role of delegates and others.
NATIONAL YOUTH COUNCIL MODEL UNITED NATIONS
The inception of the National Youth Council Model United Nations (NYC MUN) started with the aim of developing attributes of diplomacy, public speaking, and enhancing the promotion of youth leadership. We aspire to inspire young leaders who will ultimately lead the nation through sustainable policies and pragmatic leadership. We are not only expected to grow in number but also succeed through successful award-winning performances in many domestic-level conferences. In addition, as stated in youth focused policy documents of the government such as youth policy, vision 2025 and other procedures and operation manuals of the Council, inclusive youth leadership development and meaningful mobilization is one of the highlighted agendas. Hence, NYC MUN is expected, to support in implementing the national and international commitments and priorities of youth leadership, sustainable development goals through the debate of model committees, issue sensitization and knowledge development among youth. The schedule of programs is as refer below;
Date: Jestha 27, 28, 29, and 30, 2080
Participants: Around 200
Venue: St. Xavier’s College Loyola Campus, Thapathali, Kathmandu
NYC MUN will be held in the St. Xavier’s College Loyola Campus, Thapathali, Kathmandu. It will be a 4-day residential conference with delegates coming from all over Nepal. This conference focuses on the overall growth of an individual by strictly following protocols and guidelines of National Youth Council.
The organizing committee will comprise the following posts:
The Secretary-General in Model United Nations is the highest-ranking official who provides overall leadership, planning, coordination, communication, crisis management, and representation for the conference.
The Deputy Secretary-General is the second-highest-ranking official who supports the Secretary-General in managing the conference. The DSG plays an important role in ensuring the success of the conference and helping to provide a positive experience for all participants.
The Director General is the leadership position responsible for overseeing the administrative and logistical aspects of the conference. The DG must be able to communicate effectively with all stakeholders and manage unexpected challenges to ensure that the conference runs smoothly.
The USG for Communications manages the communication and publicity efforts of the conference. He/she develops and implements communication strategies, manages social media and other communication channels, promotes the conference to potential participants and sponsors, works with the media to ensure accurate coverage of the event, and ensures that all internal communication is clear and effective.
The USG for Delegates and Dais Affairs is responsible for managing delegate affairs, providing support to delegates, coordinating with the dais to ensure that committees run smoothly, managing any crises that may arise, and collecting feedback to improve future conferences, ensure that delegates have a positive experience and that the committees are well-run.
The USG for Creatives is responsible for overseeing the design and production of all conference-related materials, including graphics, videos, and publications. He/she manages the conference’s visual identity and ensures that all materials are well-designed, engaging, and consistent with the conference brand.
The USG for Operations is responsible for managing the logistical and operational aspects of the conference. He/she oversees the venue, logistics management, budget management, and crisis management to ensure that the conference runs smoothly and within budgetary limits.
The USG for Editorial is responsible for overseeing the production of conference publications, managing the conference’s social media presence, producing newsletters, and developing marketing materials. He/she works closely with committee chairs to ensure that background guides are accurate and informative and also ensure that delegates have access to the information and resources they need to participate effectively.
The USG for Graphics is responsible for designing and producing visual materials for the conference, such as logos, flyers, posters, and other promotional materials. He/she works closely with the USG creatives and the USG editorial to ensure that the conference’s visual identity is consistent and engaging.
The USG for logistics is responsible for coordinating and managing all logistical aspects of the conference, such as venue arrangements, transportation, catering, and technology support. He/she must be able to manage a large team of staff and volunteers, as well as collaborate with external vendors and partners to ensure the conference’s success.
In a Model United Nations conference, the “dais” refers to the panel of individuals who are responsible for moderating the proceedings of the committees. The dais is typically composed of the Chairperson and Vice-Chairperson who collectively manage the committee proceedings and ensure that they adhere to the rules of procedure.
The Chairperson is responsible for leading the committee session, setting the agenda, and managing the flow of the session. He/she must ensure that all delegates have the opportunity to speak and that the debate is respectful and productive. The Chairperson may guide delegates on procedural matters, such as the rules of the committee and the format for drafting and passing resolutions. Overall, the Chairperson plays a key role in ensuring that the committee session is productive, efficient, and respectful. He/she must be able to balance the needs of all delegates while maintaining the integrity of the committee and the overall MUN conference.
The Vice Chairperson supports the Chairperson and helps manage the committee session by facilitating debate, managing time, and ensuring that resolutions are passed appropriately. He/she assists the Chairperson and acts as a backup to the Chairperson in case of unavailability or need for assistance. His/her contributions are essential in ensuring that the committee session is successful and that delegates gain valuable experience in diplomacy and negotiation.
Participants are allocated to different committees and discuss others topics related to the committee. The following committees are being simulated in NYC MUN:
UN Women is the global champion for gender equality, working to develop and uphold standards and create an environment in which every woman and girl can exercise her human rights and live up to her full potential. They are trusted partners for advocates and decision-makers from all walks of life, and a leader in the effort to achieve gender equality.
The Security Council, the United Nations’ principal crisis-management body, is empowered to impose binding obligations on the 193 UN member states to maintain peace. The Security Council’s five permanent and ten elected members meet regularly to assess threats to international security, including civil wars, natural disasters, arms proliferation, and terrorism.
UNICEF works in the world’s toughest places to reach the most disadvantaged children and adolescents – and to protect the rights of every child, everywhere. Across more than 190 countries and territories, they do whatever it takes to help children survive, thrive and fulfill their potential, from early childhood through adolescence.
The Human Rights Council is an inter-governmental body within the United Nations system responsible for strengthening the promotion and protection of human rights around the globe and for addressing situations of human rights violations and making recommendations on them. It can discuss all thematic human rights issues and situations that require its attention throughout the year.
This committee deals with disarmament, global challenges, and threats to peace that affect the international community and seeks out solutions to the challenges in the international security regime. It considers all disarmament and international security matters within the scope of the Charter or relating to the powers and functions of any other organ of the United Nations; the general principles of cooperation in the maintenance of international peace and security, as well as principles governing disarmament and the regulation of armaments; promotion of cooperative arrangements and measures aimed at strengthening stability through lower levels of armaments.
UNEP stands for the United Nations Environment Programme, which is a specialized agency of the United Nations responsible for coordinating and promoting global environmental activities. Its mission is to provide leadership and encourage partnership in caring for the environment by inspiring, informing, and enabling nations and people to improve their quality of life without compromising that of future generations.
The international press refers to media outlets that cover the activities and initiatives of the UN and its member states. It plays an essential role in promoting transparency and accountability in the work of the UN, as well as raising awareness of issues related to international peace, security, development, and human rights. The UN and its various agencies regularly engage with the international press to provide updates on their work and to seek media coverage and public support for their initiatives.
GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
As aforementioned, the purpose of the NYC MUN is to provide a platform for youth from all over the nation to celebrate diversity, inclusion and advocate for diplomacy. Throughout the four-day MUN (three days conference and one-day mock session), our delegates will have represented various countries, contemplated some of the most pressing global challenges, and made policies suitable for their respective governments.
EVENT FLOW FOR NYC MUN
Mentioned below is the tentative flow of events before and during the four-day conference.
These are the list of tasks that needs to be completed before the event. Besides these, we also need to decide on the venue and prepare the necessary logistics.
The delegates arrive from different parts of Nepal. After a little refreshment, we will start with some icebreaker sessions. That will be followed by Mock sessions which can be described as practice sessions. Here the delegates will be given knowledge about the rules of procedure, the general speaker’s list, and the vocabulary that needs to be followed during the conference.
The first half of the day will be filled with intensive Mock Sessions. We will officially begin the event with an opening ceremony where the secretary general will declare the conference open. We will have a few committee sessions; these sessions will not be as intensive and will just be introductory sessions.
The day will begin bright and early filled with problem-solving sessions where every delegate will utilize their critical thinking abilities to the fullest. The problems not solved will be carried on to the next day. To re-energize our delegates for the next day we will have a short ice-breaking session.
The delegates will find solutions to their agendas and draft resolutions for the same. They will also find solutions for an exciting crisis that are given to their committees. The final day will end with the closing ceremony and a cultural event.
A team led by Ms. Saluja Chand (Vice Principal, St. Xavier’s College)